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According to week two, it is clear that the assessment tools used in psychotherapy have two primary purposes. The first purpose is to measure the illness and diagnose clients while the second purpose is to evaluate a client’s response to treatment. There are different types of assessment tools, but in this discussion, I have selected patient stress questionnaire.

Patient stress questionnaire refers to the tool employed in primary care settings to help in screening for the behavioral health symptoms. The instrument was adapted from the PHQ-9, AUDIT, GAD-7, and PC-PTSD. Anoxic tank process patient stress questionnaire is made up of a list of items that efficiently help in identifying the potential behavioral health problems. The tool is a 24-item behavioral health screening tool which is composed of a collection of twelve (12) separate “ultra-brief” screening tools to offer a preliminary mental health and addiction diagnosis.


The PHQ-9 is made up of 9 items which represent the criterion symptoms for DSM 5 major depressive disorder. These have questions related to how much sign has bothered the client based on the scale such as “not at all,” “nearly every day,” and “several days”. Prognosis after anoxic brain injury the GAD-7 is made up of seven items with the response similar to PHQ-9 and scored as a continuous variable from 0 to 21 (kroenke et al. 2016).

The tool is used when the client is suspected to have depression and anxiety. Several well-validated measures can be used to assess depression and anxiety as separate domains (flückiger et al 2016), but the advantage of patient stress questionnaire is that it is a measure that offers a single composite score for both the depression and anxiety (kroenke et al. 2016). The tool is used in assessing depressive symptoms among patients having conditions such as aphasia. The tool is applicable for measuring perceived stress (laures-gore et al. 2017).

Based on the efficacy of patient stress questionnaire in evaluating psychopharmacologic medications, psychopharmacological medications aim to manage behavior, stabilize mood, or to treat psychiatric disorders and their associated symptoms. Anoxic brain damage recovery on the other hand, patient stress questionnaire is used to screen for these behavioral health symptoms and therefore, can be used to determine whether the symptoms are reducing or not based on the psychopharmacological medications. The tool can be used to self-report symptoms and to identify persistent symptoms of anxiety disorders and even monitor the treatment in clinical practice (rose & devine, 2014).

The SBIRT grant program was developed by the substance abuse and mental health services administration (SAMHSA) which provided either brief intervention/treatment or referred to appropriate services for individuals who use alcohol or psychoactive substances, not including tobacco that may not meet criteria for a substance use disorder (aldridge, linford, & bray, 2017). It begins with a pre-assessment screening which briefly explores substance use. If a positive pre-screen is evident, the provider should move to the alcohol use disorders identification test (AUDIT) and/or the drug abuse screening test (DAST) for more thorough assessment. Unspecified anxiety disorder dsm 5 code if positive brief intervention or treatment is advised (“clinician tools – SBIRT for substance abuse,” n.D.). According to yong, et al. As part of their systematic review, it is unclear whether it is beneficial to utilize brief interventions as part of the SBIRT screened individuals who were not seeking treatment at the time of assessment (2014). Evaluation of this project indicated that the program was positively correlated with decreased alcohol and/or substance use in this population. Nanoxia deep silence 6 price however, it is unclear whether other factors were key (aldridge et al., 2017). It was noted however that participants had significantly lower reports of substance use one month after intervention. However limitations in study design may have impacted the reported results (aldridge et al., 2017).

The SBIRT protocol moves to brief intervention or brief treatment as appropriate. Nanoxia project s midi these interventions are focused on psychological treatments 5-60 minutes in length (“clinician tools – SBIRT for substance abuse,” n.D.) as such, they would not be involving psychopharmacological substances, at least initially it would not be appropriate for evaluation of medication effectiveness.

Young, M. M., stevens, A., galipeau, J., pirie, T., garritty, C., singh, K., … moher, D. (2014). Effectiveness of brief interventions as part of the screening, brief intervention and referral to treatment (SBIRT) model for reducing the nonmedical use of psychoactive substances: a systematic review. Systematic reviews, 3, 50. Https://doi.Org/10.1186/2046-4053-3-50