Raising awareness for neurological insults – sarah’s website brain anoxia

Neurological insults is very common diagnosis, but with the medical name of neurological insults people would not recognize them. Every year, 1.7 million people are diagnosed with a neurological

Insult; of those 1.7 million, 52 thousand die, 275 thousand are admitted to the hospital, and 1.365

Million are treated in the ER (fault, 2010). Neurological insults

Rehabilitation has changed tremendously for patients in the last 30 years.

This is because of advances in technology over the years; a lack of

Funding has affected the research due to the economy, and also expanding the

Medical knowledge for neurological insults.

Neurological insults are among one

Of the most common injury related deaths and disabilities in the united states,

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Which occurs in all ages, races, societies, and revenues (coronado, 2009).


What is a neurological insults?

A neurological insults or a traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a

Form of acquired brain injury that occurs when a sudden trauma

Causes damage to the brain. There are three categories that define what a

Neurological insult is moderate, mild, and severe brain injuries. The three types of neurological insults have

Related symptoms that cause changes to a patient life. It involves their thought

Process, perception, being able to understand, solve problems, hypothetically

Thinking, behavioral problems, athletic abilities, vision, and hearing disabilities

(fraser, 2000).

All ages are able to be diagnosed with a

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Neurological insult. Ages from 0 to 19, and 65 and older

Are more likely to be diagnosed with a neurological insult. Just about half of

The ER visits are related cases to neurological insults for age’s infancy to 14

Years of ages, and adults aged 75 years or older have the highest rates of

Neurological insult related hospital visits and deaths (fault, 2010).


Insults in the united states is approximately 102.8 per 100 thousand. In every age group, neurological insult rates

Are higher for males than for females. Young boys have the highest

Rates of visiting the hospital. They also are more likely to be admitted to the hospital or even die from brain injuries. (faul, 2010). Men from teenagers to young adults have a greater chance at 248.3 per 100 thousand, and

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Aged above 75 have a greater chance at 243.4 per 100 thousand (rehabilitation for TBI,


Types of neurological insults:

There are two types of brain injuries that are classified as

Traumatic and non-traumatic neurological insults.

• traumatic neurological insults

A traumatic brain injury is a brain

Injury that is a result of trauma, it has two different diagnosis which are diffuse axonal and contusions. The

Diffuse axonal injury is the most common type of neurological insult

That is diagnosed through a traumatic neurological insult. It is a contusion

That occurs when there is bruising of the brain tissue at the site of the

Fractures known as coup. A diffuse axonal injury happens when parts of the

Brain have moved because of impact to the skull (mccormack, 2008).Brain anoxia

A contusion to the brain is when the brain is

Swelling in a particular area that causes bleeding to the brain tissue. A contusion is more commonly diagnosed than a concussion. An outcome to a contusion depends on how

Extreme the injury is. Minor contusions are able to heal on their own with no

Medical interference, while severe contusions can cause herniation of the

Brain, and eventually coma. Yearly

Death rates of a cerebral contusion vary with age, but increase with an

Increase in age. Mortality rates do decrease after the first year, which is

Very dangerous for infants (newsome, 2012).

• non-traumatic neurological insults

A non-traumatic brain injury is one that is not caused by a trauma, but caused from poising, a tumor, infections (encephalitis or meningitis), cell toxicity , or degenerative disease.Brain anoxia these types of

Non-traumatic brain injuries occur through strokes, heart attacks,

Near-drowning experiences, strangulation, a diabetic coma, poisoning or other

Chemical causes. These degenerative conditions include alzheimer’s or

Parkinson’s disease (BIC, 2011).

Aftermath of a neurological

Insult: rehabilitation

Rehabilitation is the rebuilding of a person who had sustained

An illness or injury. It is a process in which a patient is going to develop

Maximum independence and function in a normal or as normal as possible (webmd, 1996). Rehabilitation for a neurological insults is

What recovery depends. It is a series of steps that are established to help the

Patient regain their daily livings. A

Traumatic brain injury continues to result in disability that require wide-range

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And often lengthy rehabilitation efforts (fraser, R, 2000).

The regular

Length of time taken for a neurological insult rehabilitation is approximately

61 days. In the years

1988 to 1992, reports of inpatient admissions to the hospital for a brain

Injury was between a month to approximately 6 months (chesnut, 1999).

Every day,

The patient will partake in therapy. Initially, the patient may need the assistance

Of a staff member for even the smallest activity. Things we do without any

Knowledge of doing consist of brushing teeth, getting out of bed, and

Eating is common knowledge to us, but to a patient with a brain injury it is

Not that case. Patients will also need the help of the staff for their safety

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Because they are at a higher risk of falling, trying to get out of the hospital

To go home, or getting hurt. The patient will often feel confused and

Forgetful due to their brain injury (mccormack, 2008).

The types of

Rehabilitation that are used for neurological insults are physical therapy

(PT), occupational therapy (OT), speech therapy (ST), recreational therapy

(RT), and respiratory therapy (guest, 2011)

· physical therapy is a rehabilitation process

That requires special exercises and gym equipment to help patients redeem their

Physical disabilities.

· occupational therapy is a rehabilitation process

In which patients need assistance in regaining their daily livings due to an

Injury or illness that they’ve been diagnosed with.Brain anoxia

· speech therapy is not necessarily a physical

Rehabilitative process, but is a series of steps a patient goes through to

Regain the pronunciation of words, speaking clearly, and talk as normal as


· recreational therapy is a type of rehabilitative

Process that helps a patient uphold their physical, mental, and emotional well

Beings during their ill health. It also helps with the depression that comes about

During their process of recovery.

· respiratory therapy is a type of therapy that

Helps a patient deal with their breathing, which could have been damaged

Because of their injury.

Changes of

Neurological insults in the past thirty years:

Within the past thirty years, neurological

Insults have increased a great deal.Brain anoxia they have many new findings that have made

More available to notice. The advances in technology, the national and state

Medical boards have shown an increased concern on developing ways to decrease

The number of mortalities due to brain injuries. Rates of brain injury-related hospital

Visits have decreased nearly half since 1980. A miracle that may be credited,

In part, to successes in injury prevention and also to changes in hospital admission

Practices. This means that the shifts to

Care of a person with less severe brain injury went from an inpatient to an

Outpatient location (thurman, 1999).

Over the years traumatic brain injuries have

Been more suitable to diagnosis because of how common they have become.Brain anoxia

Traumatic brain injury is now a common diagnosis, thanks to neurosurgical

Expertise. Where thirty years ago death rates from head injuries were extremely

High, today mortality rates have declined dramatically. Neurosurgeons spare many

Lives every year; our society struggles to develop proper rehabilitation processes

(retsinas, 1993). New equipment permits visualization of not only the anatomy,

But also features of the biological and pharmacological features of

The living, working brain (gilman, 1992).

During the years of 1997-2007, a yearly average

Of 53,014 deaths among U.S. Residents were because of brain injuries. During

This period, death rates declined to 92.8 percent (coronado, 2009).


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Changes in the last thirty years:

There are many types of neurological disorders that need rehabilitation. Since neurological means the nervous system, these disorders will require many different types of rehab depending on the extent of the case. Illnesses that target the nervous system affect mobility, speech and and daily living skills, as seen in a person who has suffered a stroke. Rehabilitation plays a key role in providing treatment and improving residual symptoms (chesnut, 1999). Until recently, the major focus of head injury rehabilitation was on medical and physical problems. Individuals who sustained head injuries received medical treatment and occupational, physical and speech-language therapy.Brain anoxia when maximum physical and medical recovery had occurred, the patient was discharged and the family advised to learn to live with the remaining deficits (falconer, 2006).

Many people say that rehabilitation is process that you go through in your head to make sure your body is capable to do its daily living tasks. In reality, rehabilitation is the process the muscles have to go through to regain their functions. Antibiotics, antihistamines, splints, bandages and casts will not fix an injured brain. A medical doctor can treat the head wound that caused the brain injury. Speech therapists, physical therapists, and occupational therapists can help people deal with the results of brain injury (webmd, 1996).Brain anoxia

Rehabilitative exercises for neurological insults:

Patient who have been diagnosed with brain

Injuries tend to be some of the strongest and ultimate fighters of their lives

In the world. The ability to recover fully to a normal life from brain injury

Is very hard and time consuming. Patients have certain types of rehabilitative

Process that they need to succeed in to make a full recovery. The types

Of exercise that are common in almost all brain injuries is the range

Of motion, standing frame, weight bearing, tilt table, standing frame, walker,

Sitting balance, and the mat table (tbirecovery.Org, 2003). Many of the exercises that are performed by patients of brain injuries require a lot of intense work.Brain anoxia they know that they have a long road of recovery from the start of their diagnosis, but with the help of doctors, family, friends, and organizations that will help them to push through the rest of their journey and overcome their diagnosis with the rehabilitation process.


Neurological insults are one of the leading causes of death in the united states. There are many varieties of neurological insults, but their symptoms are about the same. They are very common in people of all ages and both sexes. Over the past thirty years neurological insults have changed a great deal because of the advances in technology, new ways of diagnosing, and more distinctive treatments for patients. With the neurological insults changing, obviously the rehabilitation process for recovering patients has changed.Brain anoxia having rehabilitation as a part of a neurological insult plan of care helps patients regain daily living tasks they have lost due to their disease or injury. Continuing to improve diagnosis of symptoms, advancing treatment procedures and rehabilitation will further reduced devastating effects to those who suffer neurological insults.

Chesnut, R. M. (1999). Rehabilitation for traumatic brain injury (99 ed.). Rockville: AHCPR publication.

Guest, D. (n.D.). The injury cooperative | brain. The injury cooperative | A catastrophic injury resource for survivors and families. Retrieved march 15, 2012, from http://www.Theinjuryco-op.Com/birehab.Html

Elements home page: elements support services – rehabilitation services for individuals with acquired brain injury (abi).Brain anoxia retrieved february 25, 2012, from http://www.Elementssupportservices.Com/infosheets/types-of-acquired-brain-injury.Html

Faul M, xu L, wald MM, coronado VG. Traumatic brain injury in the united states: emergency department visits, hospitalizations, and deaths. Atlanta (GA): centers for disease control and prevention, national center for injury prevention and control; 2010.

Fraser, R. (2000). Traumatic brain injury rehabilitation: practical vocational, neuropsychological, and psychotherapy interventions. Boca raton: CRC press.

Health education | illnesses, diseases conditions — familydoctor.Org. Retrieved february 25, 2012, from: http://familydoctor.Org/familydoctor/en/diseases-conditions/traumatic-brain-injury/symptoms.Html

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Kelly, R. (n.D.). Traumatic brain injury | symptoms — familydoctor.Org.

McCormack, P. (n.D.). Types of acquired brain injury: elements support services – rehabilitationservices for individuals with acquired brain injury (abi). Rehabilitation for traumatic brain injury darby: DIANE publishing, 1999. Print.