Patent us20140256813 – methods for the treatment of brain injury using omega-3 fatty acids – google patents brain anoxia

The triglycerides may be converted by any method known to one skilled in the art without limitation. For example, the triglycerides may be converted by lipase-catalyzed esterification or lipase catalyzed acidolysis with ethyl or lauryl alcohol, which can selectively leave the highest amount of EPA and DHA bonded to glycerols and remove other components, leaving EPA and/or DHA as mono- or di-glycerides. The mono- and di-glycerides can then be separated into fractions with different EPA/DHA ratios, by methods familiar to those skilled in the art such as multiple stage vacuum distillation and/or fractional crystallization in urea.

Advantageously, the purified EPA and DHA esters, after concentration, can be reattached to glycerol molecules using enzymatic reacylation to recreate glycerides which are otherwise identical to the original natural triglycerides, except that they are more concentrated in EPA and DHA combined, and they may also have a different ratio of EPA:DHA than the original fish oil.Brain anoxia in some embodiments, at least 60% of the omega-3 fatty acids, and preferably 70% or more are converted to the triglyceride form in the reacylation process. The process may be successively repeated with addition of additional catalyst and/or enzyme and additional EPA and DHA until the desired specification proportions are met. About 60% of triglycerides can be made in the first pass of reacylation, with most of the remainder of the product being mono- and di-glycerides.

Flavoring agents can also be added to the final oil, either before or after drumming. Useful flavor agents include natural and synthetic flavoring sources including, but not limited to, volatile oils, synthetic flavor oils, flavoring aromatics, oils, liquids, oleoresins and extracts derived from plants, leaves, flowers, fruits, stems and combinations thereof.Brain anoxia useful flavor agents include, citric oils (e.G., lemon, orange, grape, lime and grapefruit) fruit essences (e.G., apple, pear, peach, banana, grape, berry, strawberry, raspberry, blueberry, blackberry, cherry, plum, pineapple, apricot), and/or other fruit flavors. Other useful flavor agents include, e.G., aldehydes and esters (e.G., benzaldehyde (cherry, almond)), citral, i.E., alpha-citral (lemon, lime), neral, i.E., beta-citral (lemon, lime), decanal (orange, lemon), aldehyde C-8 (citrus fruits), aldehyde C-9 (citrus fruits), aldehyde C-12 (citrus fruits), tolyl aldehyde (cherry, almond), 2,6-dimethyloctanal (green fruit), 2-dodedenal (citrus, mandarin) and mixtures thereof, chocolate, cocoa, almond, cashew, macadamia nut, coconut, mint, chili pepper, pepper, cinnamon, vanilla, tooty fruity, mango and green tea.Brain anoxia mixtures of two or more flavor agents may also be employed. When a flavor agent is used, the amount employed will depend upon the particular flavor agent used.

Natural and/or artificial sweetening agents can also be added to the composition. Examples of sweeteners include sugars such as sucrose, glucose, invert sugar, fructose, and mixtures thereof, saccharin and its various salts (e.G., sodium and calcium salt of saccharin), cyclamic acid and its various salts, dipeptide sweeteners (e.G., aspartame), dihydrochalcone, and sugar alcohols including, e.G., sorbitol, sorbitol syrup, mannitol and xylitol, and combinations thereof. Natural sweeteners that can be employed include, but are not limited to, luo han, stevia or mixtures thereof.Brain anoxia luo han sweetener is derived from luo han guo fruit ( siraitia grosvenorii) that is mainly found in china. It is about 300 times sweeter by weight than sucrose. Luo han is commercially available from, e.G., barrington nutritionals (harrison, N.Y.). Stevia is derived from a south american herb, stevia rebaudiana. It can be up to about 300 times sweeter than sucrose. Because luo han and stevia have such a sweet taste, only a small amount need be used in the composition. When a sweetening agent is employed the amount used will depend upon the particular sweetening agent used. However, in general, the sweetening agent can constitute from about 0.0005% to about 30%, by weight of the composition. When a sweetener having a very sweet taste, such as luo han or stevia, is used, small amounts such as about 0.0005% to about 0.1% (for example about 0.005% to about 0.015% or about 0.002% to about 0.003%) by weight can be used.Brain anoxia

Compositions provided herein can contain additional ingredients. Examples of such additional ingredients include, but are not limited to, vitamins, minerals and/or herbs. As used herein, “vitamin” refers to trace organic substances that are required in the diet, and includes without limitation: thiamin, riboflavin, nicotinic acid, pantothenic acid, pyridoxine, biotin, folic acid, vitamin B 12, lipoic acid, ascorbic acid, vitamin A, vitamin D, vitamin E and vitamin K. Also included within the term vitamin are the coenzymes thereof. Coenzymes are specific chemical forms of vitamins. Coenzymes include thiamine pyrophosphates (TPP), flavin mononucleotide (FMM), flavin adenine dinucleotive (FAD), nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (AND), nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NADP), coenzyme A (coa), coenzyme Q10 (coq10), pyridoxal phosphate, biocytin, tetrahydrofolic acid, coenzyme B 12, lipoyllysine, 11-cis-retinal, and 1,25-dihydroxycholecalciferol.Brain anoxia the term vitamin(s) also includes choline, camitine, and alpha, beta, and gamma carotenes.