Passive treatment of acid mine drainage with limestone – anoxia meaning

Hedin, R.S.; watzlaf, G.R.; nairn, R.W., 1994: passive treatment of acid mine drainage with limestone. Journal of environmental quality 23(6): 1338-1345 the water treatment performances of two anoxic limestone drains (alds) were evaluated. Anoxic limestone drains are buried beds of limestone that are intended to add bicarbonate alkalinity to flow-through acid mine drainage. Both alds received mine water contaminated with fe-2+ (216-279 mg L-1) and mn (41-51 mg L-1). Flow through the howe bridge ALD increased alkalinity by an average 128 mg L-1 (caco-3 equivalent) and ca by 52 mg L-1, while concentrations of fe, K, mg, mn, na, and SO-4-2- were unchanged.

The morrison ALD increased alkalinity by an average 248 mg L-1 and ca by 111 mg L-1.Anoxia meaning concentrations of K, mg, mn, and SO-4-2- all decreased by an average 17%, an effect attributed to dilution with uncontaminated water. Iron, which decreased by 30%, was partially retained within the morrison ALD. Calcite dissolution was enhanced at both sites by high P-CO2. Untreated mine waters at the howe bridge and morrison sites had average calculated P-CO2 values of 6.39 kpa (10-1.20 atm) and 9.24 kpa (10-1.04 atm), respectively. At both sites, concentrations of bicarbonate alkalinity stabilized at undersaturated values (SI-calcite = 10-1.2 at howe bridge and 10-0.8 at morrison) after flowing through approximately half of the limestone beds. Flow through the second half of each ALD had little additional effect on mine water chemistry.Anoxia meaning at the current rates of calcite solubilization, 17.9 kg d-1 caco-3 at howe bridge and 2.7 kg d-1 caco-3 at morrison, the alds have theoretical effective lifetimes in excess of 20 yr. By significantly increasing alkalinity concentrations in the mine waters, both alds increased metal removal in downstream constructed wetlands.

Other references

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