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What is a speech pathologist?

Definition:

Speech-language pathology is the study of disorders that affect a person’s speech, language, cognition, voice, swallowing (dysphagia) and the rehabilitative or corrective treatment of physical and/or cognitive deficits/disorders resulting in difficulty with communication and/or swallowing.

Scope of practice:

The practice of speech-language pathology involves:

Providing prevention, screening, consultation, assessment and diagnosis, treatment, intervention, management, counseling, and follow-up services for disorders of:

Speech (i.E., phonation, articulation, fluency, resonance, and voice including aeromechanical components of respiration);


Language (i.E., phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics, and pragmatic/social aspects of communication) including comprehension and expression in oral, written, graphic, and manual modalities; language processing; preliteracy and language-based literacy skills, including phonological awareness, reading and language issue resulting from auditory processing.;swallowing or other upper aerodigestive functions such as infant feeding and aeromechanical events (evaluation of esophageal function is for the purpose of referral to medical professionals);cognitive aspects of communication (e.G., attention, memory, problem solving, executive functions).Sensory awareness related to communication, swallowing, or other upper aerodigestive functions.Brain anoxia

·providing services to individuals with hearing loss and their families/caregivers (e.G.,auditory training; speechreading; speech and language intervention secondary to hearing loss;

·collaborating in the assessment of central auditory processing disorders and providing intervention where there is evidence of speech, language, and/or other cognitive-communication disorders.

·educating and counseling individuals, families, co-workers, educators, and other persons in the community regarding acceptance, adaptation, and decisions about communication and swallowing.

·advocating for individuals through community awareness, education, and training programs to promote and facilitate access to full participation in communication, including the elimination of societal barriers.Brain anoxia

·collaborating with and providing referrals and information to audiologists, educators and health professionals as individual needs dictate.

·addressing behaviors (e.G. Perseverative or disruptive actions) and environments (e.G. Seating, positioning for swallowing safety or attention, communication opportunities) that affect communication, swallowing, or other upper aerodigestive functions.

·providing services to modify or enhance communication performance (e.G. Transgendered voice, care and improvement of the professional voice, personal/ professional communication effectiveness).

·recognizing the need to provide and appropriately accommodate diagnostic and treatment services to individuals from diverse cultural backgrounds and adjust treatment and assessment services accordingly.Brain anoxia

Professional roles:

·speech-language pathologists serve individuals, families, groups, and the general public through a broad range of professional activities. They:

·identify, define, and diagnose disorders of human communication and swallowing and assist in localization and diagnosis of diseases and conditions.

·provide direct services using a variety of service delivery models to treat and/or address communication, swallowing, or other upper aerodigestive concerns.

·educate, supervise, and mentor future speech-language pathologists.

·serve as case managers and service delivery coordinators.

·administer and manage clinical and academic programs.

·educate and provide in-service training to families, caregivers, and other professionals.Brain anoxia

·participate in outcome measurement activities and use data to guide clinical decision making and determine the effectiveness of services provided in accordance with the principles of evidence-based practice.

·train, supervise, and manage speech-language pathology assistants and other support personnel.

·promote healthy lifestyle practices for the prevention of communication, hearing, swallowing, or other upper aerodigestive disorders.

Education:

In the united states, speech language pathology practice is regulated by the laws of the individual states. However, by 2006, the minimal requirements to be a certified SLP member of the american speech-language hearing association [1] were: a graduate degree in speech-language pathology, which typically entails 2 years of post graduate work; a completed clinical fellowship year, which is generally employment for a year while supervised by a practicing SLP who is also ASHA certified; and passing the praxis series examination.Brain anoxia the graduate degree work to acquire a master’s in speech-language pathology is rigorous and demanding, requiring many hours of supervised clinical practicum, and intensive didactic coursework in medical sciences, phonetics, linguistics, phonology, scientific methodology, and other subjects.

·certification by ASHA is noted as carrying one’s cs. (certificate of clinical competence) it is noted after an SLP’s name as: CCC-SLP.

Patients/clients speech and language therapists work with:

.Babies with feeding and swallowing difficulties

.Children with mild, moderate or severe:

.Learning difficulties

.Physical disabilities, language delay

.Specific language impairment

.Specific difficulties in producing sounds (including vocalic r and lisps)

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.Hearing impairment

.Cleft palate

.Autism/social interaction difficulties

.Dyslexia/reading and spelling

.Voice disorders

.Adults with eating and swallowing and/or communication problems following stroke

.Head injury (traumatic brain injury)

.Parkinson’s disease

.Motor neuron disease

.Multiple sclerosis

.Huntington’s disease

.Dementia

.Cancer of the head, neck and throat (including laryngectomy)

.Voice problems

.Mental health issues

.Learning difficulties, physical disabilities

.Stammering/stuttering (dysfluency)

.Hearing impairment

.Transgender voice therapy (usually for male-to-female individuals)

.Adults and children with cerebral palsy

Places of work:

·speech and language therapists work in private practices, community health centers, hospital wards and outpatient departments, mainstream and special schools, further education colleges, day centers and in their clients’ homes.Brain anoxia some now work in courtrooms, prisons and young offenders’ institutions.

·some speech and language therapists who work independently will see children and adults in their own homes.

Colleagues:

·slts/slps work closely with others involved with the client, for example; occupational therapists, clients, parents and caregivers and other professionals, such as audiologists, teachers, nurses, dietitians, physiotherapists, and doctors.

*the above has been adapted from wikipedia.Com