Examples for “cerebri” and how to use it – nyanglish brain anoxia

• they are secondary to raised intracranial pressure with formation of a transtentorial pressure cone involving the cerebral peduncles (crus cerebri) and other midbrain structures caused by raised pressure above the tentorium. Kernohan’s notch is a groove in the cerebral peduncle that may be caused by this displacement of the brainstem against the incisura of the tentorium. …

• the following are recent examples: kustermann reports a case of acute myelitis in which there was profuse perspiration above the level of the girdle-sensation and none at all below. Sharkey reports a case of tumor of the pons varolii and left crus cerebri, in which for months there was excessive generalized perspiration; it finally disappeared without treatment.Brain anoxia


hutchinson describes the case of a woman of sixty-four who for four years had been troubled by excessive sweating on the right side of the face and scalp. … cited from anomalies and curiosities of medicine, gould/pyle

• the pineal gland, also known as the pineal body, conarium or epiphysis cerebri, is a small endocrine gland in the vertebrate brain. It produces melatonin, a serotonin derived hormone, which affects the modulation of sleep patterns in both seasonal and circadian rhythms. …

• it is where the falx cerebri attaches anteriorly to the skull. The olfactory bulbs lie on either side of the crista galli on top of the cribriform plate. …

• A bed pan can be used for both urinary and fecal discharge.Brain anoxia many diseases can confine a patient to bed, necessitating the use of bedpans, including alzheimer’s disease, parkinson’s disease, apoplexia cerebri and dementia. Additionally, many patients may be confined to a bed temporarily as a result of a temporary illness, injury, or surgery, thereby necessitating the use of a bed pan. …

• large clots, however, no doubt growing in both size and firmness, occasionally occupied the area of destroyed brain, and these sometimes manifestly exercised pressure that was at once relieved by their evacuation. In cases where inflammatory hernia cerebri developed, a secondary exploration was often indicated for the removal of fragments of bone or the evacuation of pus, otherwise the condition was best treated by dry dressings and gentle support.Brain anoxia abscess of the brain was treated by simple evacuation and drainage by metal or rubber tubes: the operations were always of extreme simplicity, since the abscess in every case I saw was in the direct line of the wound track, and was readily opened by the insertion of a director or blunt knife. … cited from surgical experiences in south africa, 1899-1900, by george henry makins

• as there are similarities, there are also differences between these two types of veins in the brain. The superficial veins at the dorsal parts of the hemispheres run upward and medially and empty into the large superior sagittal sinus in the upper margin of the falx cerebri. The superior sagittal sinus divides into two parts called the transverse sinuses where the falx cerebri meets the tentorium cerebelli.Brain anoxia …

• in some of these maggots were found in the wounds only thirty-six hours after the infliction of the injury. I have said nothing as to the treatment of the large primary herniae cerebri in wounds of an explosive nature, since these were rarely subjects suitable for operation; but in the instances of minor severity they were treated as the other cases where the pulped brain lay mostly within the skull. In cases where the wounds were in the frontal or fronto-parietal regions, and hemiplegia existed, the rapid improvement in the paralytic symptoms, after operation, was very marked, showing that the signs were mainly, or entirely, due to ‘radiation’ injury. … cited from surgical experiences in south africa, 1899-1900, by george henry makins

brain anoxia

• cytotoxic edema is seen with various toxins, including dinitrophenol, triethyltin, hexachlorophene, and isoniazid. It can occur in reye’s syndrome, severe hypothermia, early ischemia, encephalopathy, early stroke or hypoxia, cardiac arrest, and pseudotumor cerebri. During an ischemic stroke, a lack of oxygen and glucose leads to a breakdown of the sodium-calcium pumps on brain cell membranes, which in turn results in a massive buildup of sodium and calcium intracellularly. …

• from this protuberance the upper division of the cruciate eminence runs to the superior angle of the bone, and on one side of it (generally the right) is a deep groove, the sagittal sulcus, which lodges the hinder part of the superior sagittal sinus.Brain anoxia to the margins of this sulcus the falx cerebri is attached. The lower division of the cruciate eminence is prominent and is named the internal occipital crest; it bifurcates near the foramen magnum and gives attachment to the falx cerebelli. …

• this resulted in a boom of research in neuroanatomy by artists and scientists of the renaissance. In 1664, thomas willis, a physician and professor at oxford university, coined the term neurology when he published his text cerebri anatome which is considered the foundation of neuroanatomy. The subsequent three hundred and fifty some years has produced a great deal of documentation and study of the neural systems. …

• some of these symptoms are also common to acne treatment with isotretinoin.Brain anoxia chronically high doses of vitamin A, and also pharmaceutical retinoids such as 13-cis retinoic acid, can produce the syndrome of pseudotumor cerebri. This syndrome includes headache, blurring of vision and confusion, associated with increased intracerebral pressure. …

• often, however, it may be administered intramuscularly with advantage in aseptic preparation as offered in ampules, at the rate of one ampule every three hours for two or three times, and then once in six hours for a few times, the future frequency depending on the indications. Epinephrin and pituitary extract: the blood pressure-raising substance of the suprarenals or of the pituitary gland (hypophysis cerebri) has been much used in heart failure.Brain anoxia these substances certainly would not be indicated in high blood pressure; they are indicated in low blood pressure. … cited from disturbances of the heart, by oliver T. Osborne

• the straight sinus is an unpaired area beneath the brain which allows blood to drain from the inferior center of the head outwards posteriorly. It receives blood from the inferior sagittal sinus, great cerebral vein, posterior cerebral veins, superior cerebellar veins and veins from the falx cerebri. …

• brain herniation is a potentially deadly side effect of very high intracranial pressure that occurs when a part of the brain is squeezed across structures within the skull. The brain can shift across such structures as the falx cerebri, the tentorium cerebelli, and even through the foramen magnum in the base of the skull (through which the spinal cord connects with the brain).Brain anoxia herniation can be caused by a number of factors that cause a mass effect and increase intracranial pressure (ICP): these include traumatic brain injury, intracranial hemorrhage, or brain tumor. …

• these direct and indirect costs cause the expense of mild brain trauma to rival that of moderate and severe head injuries. The hippocratic corpus, collection of medical works from ancient greece, mentions concussion, later translated to commotio cerebri, and discusses loss of speech, hearing and sight that can result from commotion of the brain. This idea of disruption of mental function by shaking of the brain remained the widely accepted understanding of concussion until the 19th century. …

• typically, gliomatosis cerebri appears as a diffuse, poorly circumscribed, infiltrating non-enhancing lesion that is hyperintense on T2-weighted images and expands the cerebral white matter.Brain anoxia it is difficult to distinguish from highly infiltrative anaplastic astrocytoma or GBM. …

• the region includes the midbrain tegmentum, crus cerebri and pretectum. By this definition, the cerebral peduncles are also known as the basis pedunculi, while the large ventral bundle of efferent fibers is referred to as the crus cerebri or the pes pedunculi. There are numerous nerve tracts located within this section of the brainstem. …

• the word concussion was used at the time to describe the state of unconsciousness and other functional problems that resulted from the impact, rather than a physiological condition. In 1839, guillaume dupuytren described brain contusions, which involve many small hemorrhages, as contusio cerebri and showed the difference between unconsciousness associated with damage to the brain parenchyma and that due to concussion, without such injury.Brain anoxia in 1941, animal experiments showed that no macroscopic damage occurs in concussion. …

• in 1901 he provided a comprehensive description of dystrophia adiposogenitalis, of which he published a paper titled ein fall von tumor der hypophysis cerebri ohne akromegalie. This disorder is characterized by feminine obesity along with retarded sexual maturity, and is caused by tumors of the pituitary. …

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