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The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) is a publication of the American Psychiatric Association (APA). anoxic seizure nhs The DSM which contains sets of diagnostic criteria (symptoms being experienced) grouped into categories (disorders) to assist clinicians with effective diagnoses and care of people with mental health disorders. There are several diagnostic criteria manuals used worldwide, but the DSM is the one used most commonly in Australia.

Following an assessment doctors (GPs and psychiatrists) are usually the people who will use the criteria from the DSM to match against an individual’s symptoms. This matching process will help them to decide whether the individual meets the diagnosis for a mental health disorder.


This diagnostic information can then be passed on to clinicians who will be treating the individual, such as a psychologist or dietitian. In some ways the DSM criteria are a form of shorthand between people like clinicians, and between clinicians funding providers, to briefly summarise what problems a person is experiencing. anxiety disorder icd 10 This information is then used to assist the treating clinicians in selecting the treatments with the best evidence for good outcomes that are associated with the disorder symptoms.

Periodically the APA update the information in the DSM based on feedback from working people within mental health treatment, and following extensive working committee discussions with specialists who diagnose/treat the various disorders. The latest edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) was released in May 2013.

The DSM-5 includes changes from the previous DSM, which aim to better represent the behaviours and symptoms of people dealing with eating disorders. anxiété antonyme In order to do this there are updated clinical classification categories for eating disorders, and changes to diagnostic criteria (symptom lists).

One of the most notable changes is that Binge Eating Disorder (BED) has been acknowledged as a separate diagnosis for the first time. This will help increase awareness of the differences between Binge Eating Disorder and the more common issue of overeating.

Additionally, the category that was known as Eating Disorder Not Otherwise Specified (EDNOS), has been removed. There are two new categories; Other Specified Feeding or Eating Disorder (OSFED) and Unspecified Feeding or Eating Disorder (UFED). anoxic brain damage recovery stories These new categories are intended to more appropriately recognise and categorise conditions that do not more accurately fit into Anorexia Nervosa, Bulimia Nervosa, BED, or the other eating and feeding disorders. It is important to note that these new categories are not an indication of a less severe eating disorder, simply a different constellation of symptoms.

• Binge eating not associated with the recurrent use of inappropriate compensatory behaviours as in Bulimia Nervosa and does not occur exclusively during the course of Bulimia Nervosa, or Anorexia Nervosa methods to compensate for overeating, such as self-induced vomiting.

• The eating disturbance is not attributed to a medical condition, or better explained by another mental health disorder. When is does occur in the presence of another condition/disorder, the behavior exceeds what is usually associated, and warrants additional clinical attention.

According to the DSM-5 criteria, to be diagnosed as having OSFED a person must present with a feeding or eating behaviours that cause clinically significant distress and impairment in areas of functioning, but do not meet the full criteria for any of the other feeding and eating disorders.

• Bulimia Nervosa (of low frequency and/or limited duration): All of the criteria for Bulimia Nervosa are met, except that the binge eating and inappropriate compensatory behaviour occurs at a lower frequency and/or for less than three months.

• Night Eating Syndrome: Recurrent episodes of night eating. nanoxia deep silence 120mm ultra quiet pc fan Eating after awakening from sleep, or by excessive food consumption after the evening meal. The behavior is not better explained by environmental influences or social norms. The behavior causes significant distress/impairment. The behavior is not better explained by another mental health disorder (e.g. BED).

According to the DSM-5 criteria this category applies to where behaviours cause clinically significant distress/impairment of functioning, but do not meet the full criteria of any of the Feeding or Eating Disorder criteria. anxiety causes symptoms and treatments This category may be used by clinicians where a clinician chooses not to specify why criteria are not met, including presentations where there may be insufficient information to make a more specific diagnosis (e.g. in emergency room settings).