Amnestic disorder anoxemia definition

B:• B12 deficiency

• bacterial preexisting heart conditions

• balance-disequilibrium-benign positional vertigo

• balance-disequilibrium-cerebellar disease

• balance-disequilibrium-friedreich’s ataxia

• balance-disequilibrium-labyrinthitis-acute

• balance-disequilibrium-vertigo-central

• balance-disequilibrium-vertigo-medication-induced

• balance-disequilibrium-vertigo-peripheral

• balance-disequilibrium-vertigo-toxin-induced

• balance-disequilibrium-vestibular-neuritis

• balding-alopecia areata

• balding-alopecia secondary to childbirth

• balding-alopecia universalis

• balding-alopecia-male pattern

• balding-alopecia-medication-induced


• balding-alopecia-traction

• balding-telogen effluvium

• barbiturate -use

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• barbiturate abuse

• barbiturate dependence

• benzodiazepine abuse

• benzodiazepine dependence

• benzodiazepine dependence in remission

• benzodiazepine use

• bereavement

• bile duct obstruction

• binge eating disorder

• bipolar

• bipolar disorder

• bipolar irritability

• bipolar-atypical depression

• bipolar-dissociative disorder

• bipolar-dissociative identity disorder

• bipolar-irritability

• bipolar-kleptomania

• bipolar-pathological gambling

• bipolar-SAD (seasonal affective disorder)

• bladder disorder

• bladder disorder, unspecified

• bladder disorder-unspecified

• bladder-incomplete bladder emptying

• bladder-incontinence-unaware

• bladder-incontinence-urge incontinence

• bladder-incontinence-urinary stress incontinence

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• bladder-urinary urgency

• bleeding disorder

• blood in the urine

• blood-anemia

• blood-bleeding disorder

• blood-epistaxis

• blood-hematemesis

• blood-hematochezia

• blood-hematuria

• blood-hemochromatosis

• blood-hemoptysis

• blood-melena

• blood-polycythemia

• blood-sickle cell anemia

• blood-thrombocytopenia

• body dysmorphic disorder

• body fluid change

• borderline personality disorder

• boron toxicity

• bowel-constipation

• bowel-diarrhea

• bowel-diverticulitis

• bowel-diverticulosis

• bowel-essential palatal tremor

• bowel-food allergy

• bowel-gastritis

• bowel-gastroenteritis

• bowel-hiatal hernia

• bowel-lactase deficiency

• bowel-nutrition-gluten-celiac disease

• bowel-nutrition-lactose intolerance

• bowel-nutrition-malabsorption

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• bowel-nutrition-malnutrition

• bowel-nutrition-tropical sprue

• bowel-pain-abdomen

• bowel-pain-abdomen-acute

• bowel-pain-abdomen-chronic

• bowel-pain-abdomen-infarction

• bowel-pain-abdomen-lower

• bowel-pain-abdomen-upper

• bowel-pain-abdomen-visceral

• bowel-pain-abdomen-viscus-perforation

• bowel-pain-erosive esophagitis

• bowel-pain-heartburn-GERD

• bowel-pain-IBS

• bowel-pain-obstruction

• bowel-pain-peritonitis

• bowel-pain-PUD (peptic ulcer disease)

• bowel-pain-regional enteritis

• bowel-pain-ulcer

• bowel-pain-ulcer-gastric

• bowel-pain-ulcer-small intestine-duodenal

• bowel-pain-ulcer-zollinger-ellison syndrome

• brain dementia-amnestic disorder

• branchial neuralgia

• bronchiectasis

• bronchitis

• bruxism (teeth grinding)

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• bulimia

Amnestic disorder (major neurocognitive disorder)

The amnestic disorders are a group of disorders that involve a clinically significant loss of memories previously established, loss of the ability to create new memories, or loss of the ability to learn new information. Fortunately, the other areas of cognition are normal, but there may be changes in personality. Memory

Long-term memory or declarative memory refers to conscious knowledge of facts and events. The medial temporal lobe consists of structures that are vital for declarative memory, and in order for amnesia to develop both temporal lobes need to be injured. Nondeclarative refers to a collection of unconscious memories such as skills (e.G., learning to ride a bicycle), and is largely thought to remain intact in amnestic disorder.Anoxemia definition

Amnestic disorder is caused by any process that damages certain diencephalic and medial temporal brain structures, especially thalamus and temporal lobe.

The diencephalon or interbrain comprise four distinct structures at the upper end of the brain stem. Main structures of the diencephalon include the hypothalamus, thalamus, epithalamus , and subthalamus.

The thalamus is a symmetrical structure made of two halves and is located near the center of the brain, with nerve fibers projecting out to the cerebral cortex in all directions.

The thalamus connects areas of the cerebral cortex that are involved in sensory perception and movement with other parts of the brain and spinal cord that also have a role in sensation and movement.Anoxemia definition

The temporal lobes are part of the cerebrum, and they lie at the sides of the brain. Seen from the side, the human brain looks something like a boxing glove. The temporal lobes are where the thumbs of the boxing glove would be. The temporal lobes are involved in the retention of visual memories, processing sensory input, language comprehension , new memory storage, emotion, and deriving meaning.

Amnestic disorder symptoms

There is a range of symptoms associated with the amnestic disorders, as well as differences in the severity of symptoms.

• disorientation to time and place (rarely person)

• confabulation (creation of imaginary facts to fill in memory gaps)

• denial that a problem exists (when one clearly does) or acknowledgment that a problem does exist, but lacks appropriate concern)

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• apathy, lack of initiative, emotional blandness

Some people experience difficulty recalling events that happened or facts that they learned before the onset of the amnestic disorder. This type of amnesia is called retrograde amnesia . Other people experience the inability to learn new facts or retain new memories, which is called anterograde amnesia . People with amnestic disorders do not usually forget their remote past, such as their all of their personal history; only people with dissociative disorders, memory loss of this degree of severity occurs in rare instances in .

There are two time classifications; transient (less than a month) and chronic (greater than a month).

Amnestic disorder is most commonly found in alcohol use disorders and head injuries, and the most common form of amnestic disorder is that caused by thiamine deficiency (korsakoff’s syndrome) associate with alcohol dependence.Anoxemia definition

The amnestic disorders result from two basic causes:

1) head injury due to general medical conditions that produce memory disturbances;

Examples:

• seizures

• cerebrovascular disease ( especially thalamic and temporal lobe)

• brain tumors ( especially thalamic and temporal lobe)

• cerebral anoxia (including hanging attempts and carbon monoxide poisoning)

• herpes simplex viral infection of brain (encephalitis)

• diabetes mellitus that is out of control

• surgical brain trauma

• MS

• electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)

2) chemical intoxication i.E., exposure to a chemical (drug of abuse, medication, or environmental toxin).

Examples:

• alcohol (especially korsakoff’s syndrome)

• sedatives, hypnotics, and anxiolytics (such as ambien, benzodiazepines, and many over-the-counter medications)

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• medication (such as anticonvulsants, and intrathecal methotrexate)

• toxins (such as heavy metals i.E., lead mercury; carbon monoxide; organophosphates; industrial solvents)

Overall, an amnestic disorder whose cause cannot be definitely established may be given the diagnosis of amnestic disorder NOS.

Amnestic disorders are caused by structural or chemical damage to parts of the brain, and the ability to learn and remember new information is always affected in an amnestic disorder.

If you or a loved one are experiencing the symptoms of impaired ability to learn and recall new information coupled with an inability to recall past events, then contact your healthcare provider, or a family practice, internal medicine, or neurology specialist.Anoxemia definition medicalassessment.Com find out if your personal health history puts you at risk for having ‘dementia amnestic disorder’ — click here to take an online assessment.