5 Things to know about ocd – news – wilmington star news – wilmington, nc hypoxic encephalopathy icd 10

Jody Long is licensed to treat both mental and substance use disorders. She is a psychological associate at the Sand Dollar Wellness Center, 1136 Shipyard Blvd. in Wilmington. Long says she doesn’t intend to replace any medical advice if a person is concerned about their mental or physical health — they should always seek a doctor if they have true concerns for their health. anoxic zone This time, she’s here to talk about OCD.

The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition, states that OCD is the “presence of obsessions, compulsions, or both.” So, there are two components to OCD, the obsessions and compulsions, but they don’t have to be mutual. Obsessions involve unwanted and intrusive recurring thoughts, urges and more.

Compulsions are behaviors a person feels like they must act out, like flipping a light switch multiple time. Compulsions "might be according to a set of rules that the person has created,” said Long, “and sometimes those rules are influenced by society, where they worry about safety.” A compulsion might be that someone is worried about burning their house down, so they check repeatedly to make sure that their stove is off. anoxia refers to This can be very time-consuming, and Long states these obsessions and compulsions can take up at least an hour of a person’s day.

Though there’s never a definite answer as to why OCD happens, there are risk factors. One includes a person’s temperament, which is usually determined at birth. “We are born with different temperaments,” said Long, “but someone who has more tendency to internalize information have high negative emotionality and tend to be more inhibited behaviorally.” Environmental factors such as physical or sexual abuse can lead to OCD as well – Long notes that trauma can preempt mental disorders. Genetics are also at play. “You are two times more likely to develop OCD,” said Long, “if you have a first-degree relative with it.” This rate increases even more if that first-degree relative (like parents, brothers or sisters) had OCD during childhood. There are also gender differences. Males tend to have symmetry and forbidden thoughts with their OCD while women experience cleanliness-type OCD. severe anoxic brain injury survivor stories This is not absolute, as women could experience, say, forbidden thoughts, but it seems to occur more in men.

First, it should be noted that there isn’t just one type of obsession or compulsion. You can have one, you can have many; likewise, you can have both obsessions and compulsions together. There are several categories. “Some of the common ones we see,” said Long, “are that people are afraid they are going to hurt people in some way, they are going to be aggressive or cause harm to somebody.” Contamination fears are another obsession, where an individual is either afraid of contacting germs or spreading them to other people – comedian Howie Mandel has discussed his experience with this. Symmetry concerns, the need for exactness in something, is also an obsession. hypoxic and anoxic brain injury Aside from physical obsessions there are also intrusive thoughts. Sexual and religious intrusive thoughts are other obsessions. Somatic concerns, like sneezing and obsessing that you may have the flu, is another type.

On the flipside, you have types of compulsions as well. Checking locks, ovens or even on family members is a common compulsion. This could be associated with a fear that the oven would cause the house to burn down, for example. nanoxia deep silence 6 review Cleaning actions such as repeated handwashing and showering is a compulsion many with OCD have. “They will shower for hours,” said Long, “or they will wash their hands for a certain amount of time beyond what is routine.” This could lead to bloody hands or even raw skin due to repeated cleaning. Also, putting things in certain order, counting your steps or counting other things is seen in OCD patients too.

While OCD can be treated with medications such as anti-anxiety and antidepressants such as SSRIs, therapy is key to overcoming this disorder. Therapists often use cognitive and behavior therapy. westside test anxiety scale pdf The therapist will gradually expose the patient to their intrusive thoughts and work on response and prevention. “Initially we will do this with the client in session,” said Long, “but the goal is to help this person gradually implement those exercises outside the session. One thing therapists use are fear hierarchies. It is used to identify and rate distress according to the patient. Therapy is always personalized, but in the end, it can usually help alleviate the symptoms of a mental disorder such as OCD.